POSEC method offers a strategy that can be applied to improve time management skills. The method consists of
applying a certain strategy of prioritizing the activities in the to-do list. At the same time, this method
offers the possibility of maintaining a good balance between personal and professional life.
How was created the POSEC method
The POSEC method mirrors Maslow's hierarchy of needs. The American psychologist Abraham Harold Maslow (April 1,
1908 – June 8, 1970) claims in his book Motivation and Personality first published in 1954 that “for individuals
to thrive and excel, a health-fostering culture must be created”. In this paper, Maslow created a pyramid of
human needs that must be met before people become motivated to achieve higher-level needs.
img.: Maslow's hierarchy of needs
At the base of this pyramid are the Basic needs which include two levels: the first one Physiological
(food, water, sleep, clothes, health, homeostasis) and the second one Safety needs (emotional, physical,
personal and financial).
Above these are the Psychological needs which also are arranged on two levels: level 3 Social belonging
friendship, intimacy) and level 4 Self-esteem (Respect and recognition from others, importance, status).
At the top of the pyramid, at level 5 is Self-actualization, defined by Maslow as “the desire for
self-fulfillment, namely the tendency for him (the individual) to become actualized in what he is
This tendency might be phrased as the desire to become more and more what one is, to become everything that
is capable of becoming”
Therefore, we need to fulfill first the Basic needs and then the Psychological needs, to reach the
Self-actualization that is at the top of the pyramid.
The basic principles of the POSEC method
The POSEC method reflects the principle of Maslow's hierarchy of needs. The name of the method is given by the
initials of the notions that define it and which it is based on: "Prioritizing by Organizing, Streamlining,
Economizing and Contributing."
POSEC method, through the notions described by the terms used as well as by the order of those on the pyramid,
helps us to do things in the following way:
Prioritize - is at the top of the POSEC method pyramid and it supposes that we establish
goals in life so we
know exactly where we want to get and what we want to achieve
Organize - It addresses the activities you want to do in the order of their importance.
These activities include
both personal and professional life, both family and finances. This is where you have to make sure you keep
good balance between these two.
Streamline - it is the level you need to find the most efficient and effective methods
for carrying out all the
activities. This is even more necessary in the case of those simple, routine, but time-consuming activities
as work and chores
Economize - this level implies an increase in the amount of time we devote to the
activities in which we are
involved. Pleasant activities such as socializing or having fun, precisely because we like them, can take us
longer than necessary.
Contribute - Social obligations are an example of this level and the few remaining things that can make a
The POSEC method is based on our to-do list and helps us prioritize it so that we reach our goals. If the method
suits us we can apply it in PlanArty, a time tracking solution specially
designed to help you have time for
everything you want to do.